Welcome To Nepal

Nepal is a beautiful country rightfully called a paradise on earth. The enigmatic country boasts its diverse ethnicity, rich culture and awe-inspiring natural beauty. With a wide variety of flora and fauna in the country, Nepal holds some of the rarest species like the one-horned Rhino, the Bengal tiger and the national flower Rhododendron. Nepal is truly a god's playground with stunning landscapes, majestic mountains and mesmerizing lakes.

Nepal officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a sovereign state located in South Asia. With an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq mi) and a population of approximately 27 million Nepal is the world's 93rd largest country by area and the 41st most populous country. It is a landlocked country located along the Himalayas and bordered to the north by China and to the south, east, and west by India. Nepal is separated from Bangladeshby the narrow Indian Siliguri Corridor and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Kathmandu is the nation's capital city and largest metropolis.

The mountainous north of Nepal has eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including the highest point on Earth, Mount Everest (Himalayas Mountains) More than 250 peaks over 20,000 ft (6,096 m) above sea level are located in Nepal. The southern Madhesh region is fertile and humid.

Hinduism is practiced by about 81.3% of Nepalis, the highest percentage of any country. Buddhism is linked historically with Nepal and is practiced by 9% of its people, followed by Islam at 4.4%, Kiratism 3.1%, Christianity 1.4%, and animism 0.4%. A large portion of the population, especially in the hill region, may identify themselves as both Hindu and Buddhist, which can be attributed to the syncretic nature of both faiths in Nepal.

A monarchy throughout most of its history, Nepal was ruled by the Shah dynasty of kings from 1768 when Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms until 2008. A decade-long Civil War involving the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), followed by weeks of mass protests by all major political parties, led to the 12-point agreement of 22 November 2005. The ensuing elections for the 1st Nepali Constituent Assembly on 28 May 2008 overwhelmingly favored the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty representative democratic republic. Despite continuing political challenges, this framework remained in place, with the 2nd Nepali Constituent Assembly elected in 2013 in an effort to create a new constitution.

On September 20, 2015, a new constitution was announced by President Ram Baran Yadav in the Constituent Assembly. The Constituent Assembly was transformed into a legislative parliament. The new constitution established Nepal as a federal democratic country by making seven unnamed states.

Nepal is a developing country with a low income economy, ranking 145th of 187 countries on the Human Development Index(HDI) in 2014. It continues to struggle with high levels of hunger and poverty. Despite these challenges, Nepal has been making steady progress, with the government making a commitment to graduate the nation from least developed country status by 2022.

Geography:

  • Nepal has 8 out of the world's 14 highest mountains including the Mount Everest.
  • The highest mountain in the world, The Mount Everest is in Nepal. Everest is called Sagarmatha in Nepali which translates to 'Forehead of the Sky '. In the local Sherpa and Tibetan language, Everest is called Chomolungma, which means 'Goddess Mother of the World'. The word Everest comes from George Everest, a British surveyor general of the Himalayas.
  • In a span of 100 km going from South to North at any part of Nepal you can experience hot tropical climate to bone chilling Artic type weather.
  • Nepal is the only country with altitudinal variation that ranges from 70 meters to 8848 meters.
  • Nepal boasts the most extreme places on the earth such as the highest lake on the earth (Tilicho 4800 meters), the deepest gorges (1200 meter) in Kaligandaki, the highest valley on earth (Arun valley) and the tallest grassland in the world in Chitwan.
  • Kaligandaki is the river older than the Himalayas. Therefore, it acts as a major ecological dividing line of the whole eastern and western Himalayas.
  • Nepal is a four season destination.

Environment:

  • Over nineteen percent of the total country's landmass is protected under National Park and Protected Area in Nepal.
  • Shivapuri National Park at Budhanilkantha in Kathmandu is the only World's National Park close to the capital and international airport.
  • In the last 25 years of conservation work, Nepal has managed to save Blackbuck from extinction, successfully increased the tiger population, and brought back endangered wildlife species such as Gharial, Indian bison, wild buffalo and many others to a healthy and viable population.
  • Chitwan National Park and Everest National Park is listed in World Heritage Site.
  • Multi conceptual park management system was first successfully implemented in Annapurna Area and now ACAP is the world model for conservation and sustainable development.
  • During 70s, there were less than 80 rhinos in Nepal, now Nepal has more than 500 remnants. This is undoubtedly an excellent result in the context of global wildlife conservation record.

Culture, Lifestyle and Pride:

  • Nepal is the birthplace for the Lord Gautam Buddha, the light of Asia. Siddhartha Gautam (Buddha) was born in Kapilvastu, Lumbini which lies in Nepal. Lumbini is a sacred place for Buddhists.
  • Nepal was never under any foreign invasion. Thus Nepal does not have an independent day because Nepal was never colonized. Nepal is also the oldest country in South Asia.
  • Nepal has the densest concentration of World Heritage Sites. Kathmandu valley alone has 7 World Heritage Cultural sites within a radius of 15 kilometers. No wonder Kathmandu is called the living cultural museum of the world.
  • Nepal is the only country with a non-rectangular flag. Nepal's flag is maroon with two triangular shapes stacked on one another with blue border. The upper triangle consists of moon and the lower triangle consists of the sun. The current flag has been in place since 1962 although the basic design has been used for over 2,000 years in Nepal.
  • Nepal has the only living goddess in the world called Kumari. Kumari literally means virgin in Nepali.
  • People in Nepal greet one another by saying 'Nasmaste' or 'Namaskar' with their palms together and bow their forehead. Namaste is directly translated as 'I salute the God in you'. Like 'Namaste' is common in the Hindu influenced culture, 'Tashidele' is a common greeting in the culture close to Tibetan culture.
  • Elephant polo game was originated in Meghauli, Nepal. Tiger Tops in Nepal is the headquarters of elephant polo and the site of the World Elephant Polo Championships.
  • Some of the highest permanent human habitat exists in Himalayan region of Nepal.
  • Nepal has over 80 ethnic groups and 123 Languages (Mother Tongue) .
  • Nepal opened its borders in 1949.

Bio-Diversity:

  • Nepal has more than 360 species of Orchid which constitutes over 2% of the world's orchids.
  • Nepal has 8 % of the total species of birds found in the world.
  • Nepal comprises 6% of the world's rhododendron species.
  • Nepal harbors 5980 species of flowering plants which covers 2.4% of the world's total. Over 250 species of the flowering plants are endemic in Nepal (i.e. It is not found elsewhere else in the world.)
  • Nepal has one of the largest concentrations of Royal Bengal Tiger in the world after India and Bangladesh.
  • It is said that Nepal has largest moth in the world (Atlas Moth)
  • Some of the largest wild honeybees are found in Nepal.
  • The only natural breeding ground of the Long Snouted Gharial crocodile exists in Nepalese river.
  • Nepal has nearly 870 species of birds, which arguably more than the whole continent of Europe and North Africa combined.
  • Nepal has 4.2% of the world's butterfly species which is over 650 species of butterflies.
  • The mysterious creature of the Himalayas called Yeti is said to be spotted in the Nepalese Himalayas by many. Sir Edmund Hillary even led an expedition to find the Yeti in 1958.
  • Second largest population of One-horned Rhino is found in Nepal.
  • Nepal has one of the best habitats for Snow Leopard.
  • Sukla Phanta in West Nepal harbors the world largest herd of Swamp deer.

Facts about the Himalayas:

  • The word 'Himalaya' in Sanskrit means abode of snow.
  • The geological age of the Himalaya is approximately 70 million years. It is the youngest Mountain Range in the world.
  • According to Hindu mythology, Himalaya is abode of Lord Shiva..
  • Nameha Barwa peak is the easternmost and Nanga Parbat is the westernmost peak of the Himalaya.
  • Kumbhakarna is the new name of mount Jannu (7,710 m).
  • Gosainthan (8046 m) is the Nepali name for Shisha Pangma.
  • The ideal ascend per day for mountaineers is 1,000 ft above 10,000 ft.
  • The Himalayas are the source for rivers such as the Indus, the Yangtze and the Ganga-Brahmaputra. All three are the major river systems of the continent of Asia.
  • The Himalayas are the third largest deposit of ice and snow in the world, after Antarctica and the Arctic. There are approximately 15,000 glaciers located throughout the range.
  • The Himalayas are alive geographically! The Indo-Australian plate is still moving at 67 mm per year, and over the next 10 million years it will travel about 1,500 km into Asia.

Adventure:

  • Nepal boasts few of the world's most popular trekking trails such as Annapurna Circuit, Lagtang, Around Manaslu and Everest Base Camp.
  • Nepal is one of the best arenas for Extreme & Adventure Sport tourism such as mountaineering, cannoning, paragliding, mountain biking, kayaking, rafting, bungy jumping, high altitude marathon etc.
  • Karnali in Simikot is one of the best rivers in the world for kayaking and most of the upstream Nepalese rivers offer the best rapids for white-water rafting.